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Effective Care and Treatment

Counseling staff need to be trained specifically in the assessment and treatment of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. If a student seeks formal counseling services, they should be provided with effective care and treatment that is shown to reduce suicide risk and/or alleviate other mental health concerns.

Prevention and Treatment of Anxiety, Depression, and Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among College Students, 2021 (PDF/20.9 Megabytes)
Provided by SAMHSA, this guide focuses on educating college personnel, clinicians, and practitioners about strategies for screening and treating anxiety, depression, and suicidal thoughts and behaviors among transition-aged college students (18-24 years old). The guide presents five evidence-based programs and practices (including gatekeeper trainings, mindfulness-based stress reduction, acceptance and commitment therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and dialectical behavior therapy) that address the prevention and treatment of these common mental health concerns.

Recommended Standard Care for People with Suicide Risk: Making Health Care Suicide Safe, 2018 (PDF/.396 Megabytes)
Published by the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention, in collaboration with health care and suicide prevention experts, this guide was created to assist health care organizations to improve identification of and support for people who are at increased risk of suicide and for advocates who work with clinics and hospitals to improve patient safety.